Swaddling, Caring for Others, Authentic Montessori
November, 2014, from The Michael Olaf Montessori Company
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Since the Montessori Assistants to Infancy program, A to I, was begun by Dr. Montessori in Rome, the use of the topponcino has replaced swaddling cloths. It makes an infant feel secure in the early days and weeks, and provides ease in handling. Above is a picture of Ursula Melvin Carroll, Montessori Assistant to Infancy and founder with her sister Narda of Michael Olaf Montessori Company holding her son on a topponcino.

"Please help me help myself!"
First year videos and information on the first days and the first year of life: YEAR ONE

Mongolian Ger


The practice of wrapping newborn babies and infants in such a way that they can barely move is an idea that seems to be spreading in the West today. Since this goes against everything we know in the Montessori 0-3 world about the needs of the infant, Susan Mayclin Stephenson visited a Nomad family in Mongolia, where this is the tradition, to find out why they swaddle. This is what she found.

The picture at the top of this page is the common dwelling of Nomadic families. "Ger" is the Mongolian word for "yurt" and it means "home."

Inside a ger

The ger is very small tent that can be assembled within an hour because sometimes, as with this family, it is moved 10 times a year to follow pasture for the animals. It has a stove in the middle that is used for branding the animals, for cooking, and for heat in the cold winters.

Baby in Ger

To be kept safe from the stove an infant must be carried by an adult or tied to the wooden wall frame. Still, all day long, the infant is left free to practice turning over, pushing up, looking around, and using hands freely.

Don't swaddle me!

Baby yelling because he was busy working on his grasp of a piece of dried yak cheese and did not want to be interrupted and swaddled

The only time a baby is "swaddled" is during the night, and this is for safety, since sleeping is done either on the two small beds or on the ground, and otherwise an infant could roll to the hot stove.

Just like overuse of pacifiers (we recommend only perfect pacifier), baby bottles (instead of nursing), cribs in an unsafe environment (instead of a floor bed) swaddling should not be considered standard practice. It should not be used to make a baby sleep more when he has important work to do. It is important to keep up on the research on the results of swaddling, such as at

Puzzle Maps


There are many ways that children can have valuable experiences of caring for others. One way is by practical life tasks of caring of each other and the environment. Another is the study of continents, countries, and cultures of the world in various ways which shows from the early years how we are all connected. The children in the picture above are in a Montessori school in Asia assembling puzzle maps, and learning the names of countries, in Africa and Europe.

Narda Sherman

Narda Sherman was a Montessori student, and founder with her sister of the Michael Olaf Montessori Company. She received all three AMI Montessori teaching certificates (0-3, 3-6, 6-12). After working for the peace corps in Cote d'Ivoire to eradicate the Guinea Worm, she attended medical school and became a PA. Today she is a medical officer for the Peace Corps in Dakar, Senegal.

Ebolo help

Narda tells us that of all of the attempts to prevent the spread of the Ebola virus by stopping it at the source, Medecins sans Frontieres (MSF) or, in English, Doctors without Borders, as a group that "is actually doing something." School children and their parents and teachers can keep up to date with Ebola news, and donate to their efforts here: MSF

Public Lecture

In October, 2014, Susan M Stephenson gave the first public lecture on Montessori for over 500 people in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. She focused on the fact that the world is changing so rapidly that there is no way even to predict what professions will be needed in 10-15 years, making present academic curricula obsolete. She discusses 12 "skills for the future" that include being kind, communicating, and protecting and caring for the natural environment. All 12 skills are supported in a Montessori environment.

Mongolia Talk

Although the lecture was a PowerPoint presentation with many pictures and video clips, 1.5 hours long, we present here a very brief overview of this talk which was created at the request of the audience in Mongolia. A bit of the spoken text added to the slides. You may be able to see the 24 slides of this brief overview here:
Montessori: Education for the Future

If you are on facebook, you can see pictures from Susan's Montessori work, and more information related to Montessori, on these FaceBook pages:
Susan Mayclin Stephenson
The Michael Olaf Montessori Company
The Joyful Child Montessori Company
Montessori Assistants to Infancy
Montessori Homeschooling

List of All Michael Olaf Newsletters:
#2 Montessori Art, January 2010
#3 Montessori Cultural Geography, May 2010
#4 Montessori Parenting/Teaching, August 2010
#5 Montessori Home Environment, November 2010
#6 Montessori in Sikkim, January 2011
#7 Montessori Math, April 2011
#8 All 2009-2011 Newsletters, May 2011
#9 Montessori Grace and Courtesy, August 2011
#10 Montessori Biology, May 2012
#11 Practical Life, Real Life, Aug 2012
#12 Happy Children for the Holidays, Dec 2012
#13 Book, Child of the World, Mar 2013
#14 Book, The Joyful Child, July 2013
#15 Book, The Universal Child, October 2013
#16 Montessori Language, April 2014

Susan with Mongolian children


We abandon all and travel the world, as did those in former times who would sow seeds and go their way. This is our destiny: to sow! To sow everywhere, without ceasing never to harvest.
— Maria Montessori, MD

(The picture at the top shows Susan with Mongolian children at one of the schools where she consulted in October 2014.)

There is no control on how the word "Montessori" can be used to describe schools, training centers, or materials. In our Michael Olaf work we have come across strange ideas about Montessori history, and a lack of awareness of basic practices such as mixed ages in a class and long periods of respected concentration. Often there is even ignorance of the fact that Maria Montessori was a medical doctor and that Montessori is not just a method for pre-school education, but the study of human development from birth through adulthood.

Because of the unfortunate dilution of her methods in the years following her famous discoveries, she established AMI, The Association Montessori Internationale. The purpose of AMI is not to judge, but to be a model, to set an example for the highest possible level of authentic Montessori teacher training and schools. Michael Olaf has always worked to help schools maintain these standards for the sake of children.


The most common error we see in the broader Montessori field is what is often called the "Supermarket Effect". That means filling the classroom with more and more stuff instead of focusing on the best training for teachers. One has to have solid Montessori training in order to know what to have in the classroom, and more importantly, what to LEAVE OUT.

Many children in the USA have too many toys!
So what do we get them for the holidays?

Children want, children need, their parents' time and attention more than anything else. Recently there have been many 1-minute bedtime story type books on the market; what is that message to families? And toys that are advertised for children to use all by themselves alone in their room, fantasy toys where children can create a perfect world where there are many people who share their daily lives! Or electronic items where they learn to turn to a machine instead of other humans for happiness. Or plastic toys that give the message that children are not worth the real thing or the best quality. Where is this heading?

Each year the Michael Olaf Montessori Company has reduced the number of items they carry for children, focusing on better and better quality items that families can use together, or that teach about the real world of plants, animals and humans, and the beautiful world of the arts. (see the rest of this article on the Michael Olaf November 2010 newsletter TOYS



For over 30 years The Michael Olaf Montessori Shop has offered a very careful selection of products for the home and school. They have been a guide for people who want to find these products in local shops, and they have been used as models for making some of the products. This is our goal.

Montessori Slatted Chair

There are certain items however that can be found nowhere else, that are best made by the Michael Olaf Company. An example is this chair that was designed in the Montessori 0-3 program in Rome. Furniture

Montessori Electric Circuit

Another example is the "Electric Circuit"
Age 3-7 Math and Science

There are many other things that are consistent with true Montessori theory and practice, that can guide you in the best selections for children from age 0-7+.: SHOP

NOTE: Many of the items in the 1-3 section are also appropriate for children over the age of 3, and items in the 3-7 section appropriate for children over 7 years of age.

MORE more information on Montessori:

The most valued of all Michael Olaf Montessori products are our own published books and DVD's.
They have been produced over many years in response to questions and requests for information from parents and teachers.
Here is the link to order them from Michael Olaf: Michael Olaf
and the link for wholesale ordering for schools and training centers: wholesale
They are also available from Montessori book and DVD suppliers.

If you choose to see some inside pages and order from Amazon (in most countries), here are the USA Amazon links:
The Joyful Child; Montessori, Global Wisdom for Birth to Three Amazon USA
Child of the World: Montessori, Global Education for Ages 3-12+ Amazon USA
The Universal Child, Guided by Nature Amazon USA

DVD: The Wonderful Two's, Montessori Infant Communities in Japan and USA Amazon USA
DVD: Grazie Silvana, Montessori Assistants to Infancy Amazon USA

NOTE: Vietnamese, Portuguese, and Russian translations of The Joyful Child are underway, and more to come

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Michael Olaf Books and DVD's